Guilt by association


Puppylovewalks In the big Apple 

By Puppylovewalks 

  • My Dogwalk special “Love My Pit Bull” addresses a subject very close to my heart as we look at the myths and misconceptions about pit bulls, how they got such a bad reputation, and what we can do to restore it.

Pit bulls were not the ones who earned that bad reputation for themselves. Humans gave it to them, first by creating aggressive dogs and second by not seeing past the breed. When any other breed of dog bites or attacks a human, it just doesn’t make the news. When a pit bull does it, it makes headlines everywhere.
Related: How to raise a balanced pit bull

According to a study done by the ASPCA and reported by 1-800-PetMeds, when a case of a dog attacking a human does not involve a pit bull, it is rarely reported outside of small, local media outlets. Make that dog a pit bull, though, and the story hits the national news.
And “make” is the right word, because dogs that are not pit bulls are frequently misidentified that way in news stories. Any time you read “pit bull type” or “pit bull mix,” then that dog was probably not a pit bull. To further confuse the issue, “pit bull” is not a single breed. The term covers a number of different dogs.
You might remember the case of Lennox, a dog in the UK who was ultimately put down because the government identified him as a pit bull — but do you know how he was identified that way? It was strictly based on measurements, including the width of his head in relation to his body.
It becomes a vicious cycle. People have the preconceived idea that pit bulls are aggressive dogs, so when they encounter a big aggressive dog that is not obviously a different breed, they immediately think “pit bull.”
But pit bulls are not the first dogs to be branded as vicious killers. At various times in the past, Doberman pinschers, Rottweilers, and German shepherds all had the distinction of being branded the “killer” breed.
The point is that it is not a breed of dog that is dangerous. Chihuahuas can be very aggressive and pit bulls can be very docile. What makes any dog aggressive is how that dog is treated by humans. Pit bulls became popular with gang members and drug dealers for security, as well as with people staging illegal dog fights. Those dogs were trained to be vicious and aggressive, and now every pit bull is seen in that way.

The treatment of these guard and fighting dogs is cruel, inhumane, and inexcusable. They are chained, beaten, and frequently injured or killed in fights. Even worse, other innocent dogs are regularly destroyed because of guilt by association.
We need to end the inhumane treatment of dogs, period. But this goes beyond just stopping people who openly abuse them. We have to recognize that any treatment of a dog that does not fulfill its needs is cruel, and this includes humanizing them and trying to treat them as little furry people.
Yes, it is possible to abuse a dog in a way by giving it nothing but affection. Affection is the reward, and should only come after a dog has earned it — by migrating with the pack on the walk; by showing discipline through following rules, boundaries, and limitations; and by exhibiting calm, submissive energy.
We need to learn how to let our dogs be dogs and we need to constantly remember that there are no bad breeds. We need to do that by respecting our dogs as wonderful animals first, and earning their trust by fulfilling their needs as a species.
Stay calm, and earn their trust.

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5 Surprising Foods That Can Poison Pets


Puppylovewalks New York Ny


Dogs are most commonly affected because of their indiscriminate eating habits. — iStock
En español | We know that you love your furry four-legged friends, but did you realize that some common household foods could make your pets extremely ill?
A recent review of studies published in the journal Frontiers in Veterinary Science by two Italian researchers at the University of Milan found that several typical human foods were frequently involved in the inadvertent poisoning of pets, particularly dogs.
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The researchers, Cristina Cortinovis and Francesca Caloni, noted that cats can also be sickened, but “dogs are most commonly affected because of their indiscriminate eating habits.” (Translation: Dogs will eat anything; cats are more finicky.)
In general, the researchers wrote, “the poisoning episodes resulted from a lack of public knowledge of the health hazard to small animals that may be posed by these products.” Either owners fed their pets the foods, unaware of the danger, or the animals themselves accidentally got ahold of them.
While some foods, like chocolate, have been known for a while to be bad for cats and dogs, “others such as grapes had previously been considered unlikely to cause problems and have emerged as a potential concern only in the last few years,” the researchers said. The growing use of the artificial sweetener xylitol in several products has also posed a recent risk.
Carmela Stamper, a veterinarian at the Food and Drug Administration, recently warned pet owners about human foods that could sicken their dogs, including fried and fatty foods and too many salty snacks. “Our bodies may break down foods or other chemicals that a dog’s can’t tolerate,” she said in a statement.
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Here are the five common foods that cause the most pet deaths and illness:
Grapes and their dried products (raisins, sultanas and currants)
Grapes, both fresh and dried (raisins, sultanas and currants), can cause kidney failure in dogs, although some dogs are more susceptible than others, the review found.
For example, some dogs ate up to 2 pounds of raisins without any life-threatening effect, while others died after eating just a handful. Kidney failure was reported in a dog weighing about 18 pounds that ate only four to five grapes. Given this wide range of reactions, dogs that eat any amount of grapes or raisins should be taken quickly to a veterinarian.
Artificial sweetener xylitol
The artificial sweetener xylitol is used in sugar-free gum and other sweets and baked goods, as well as in a number of dental care products, because of its antibacterial properties.
As its use has spread, so have reports of severe, life-threatening problems in dogs that ate foods that contained the sweetener. Xylitol, the researchers explained, causes a “dramatic decrease in blood glucose levels” in dogs. It also has been associated with liver failure.
Symptoms of xylitol poisoning can occur within 30 to 60 minutes of ingestion, but they also may occur up to 12 hours later. Symptoms begin with vomiting and can worsen to lethargy, collapse and seizures.

A recent study reported 192 cases of xylitol poisoning in dogs from 2007 to 2012. All the dogs survived, thanks to prompt veterinary care, researchers noted.



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Onions and garlic
Onions, garlic, leeks and chives — all members of the genus Allium — can make dogs and cats very sick. The plants contain a compound that, when eaten, cause a pet’s red blood cells to break down. Even a small amount can cause this dangerous change, and the toxic effects will occur whether the onions or related foods are raw, dried or cooked.
According to the review, there were 69 cases of dog poisoning and four cases of cat poisoning between 1994 and 2008 from eating a wide range of Allium-containing foods — everything from baked garlic to onion soufflé to Chinese dumplings containing chives.

People should be aware that symptoms can occur a day or several days after the incident, depending on how much their pet ate.

Chocolate, caffeine and coffee
Chocolate may have health benefits for humans, but not so for animals. The sweet treat is among the 10 most common reasons for poisoning in dogs in recent years, according to reports from Animal Poisons Control Center and the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
Chocolate contains both caffeine and theobromine, both compounds found in cocoa seeds, which can affect both the central nervous systemCc/ and heart muscles. Symptoms occur two to four hours after ingestion and can range from upset stomachs to seizures and death.
“Poisoning episodes frequently occur around holidays,” when there are more chocolate products in the home, the researchers wrote. Unsweetened chocolate and cocoa powder contain the most theobromine; white chocolate contains the least.

Macadamia nuts

People love macadamia nuts for snacking or in baked goods or candy, but the nuts can be toxic for dogs. According to the review, it’s unclear how much a dog needs to eat to get sick, but some studies indicate that as little as a quarter of an ounce for every 2.2 pounds a dog weighs is enough to result in poisoning.

No deaths have been reported to date, and most dogs recovered within 24 to 48 hours with veterinary care, the analysis found, but pet owners should take care to keep these nuts (or cookies that contain them
) away from their pooches.